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Boeing 727 Boeing
727
Short to Medium-Range Jetliner

DESCRIPTION:
By the time the 707 had entered service, Boeing realized that a need existed for a shorter range aircraft for domestic service. Over 70 possible configurations for this new aircraft were considered before Boeing selected a design emphasizing commonality with the 707 and 720 to lower costs.

However, the 727 departed from these designs by using a three-engine arrangement, with all three located at the rear of the aircraft. The advantages of this arrangement included a reduction in wing structural requirements while promoting improved wing aerodynamics. The 727 also incorporated thrust-reversing engines and an advanced flap system to reduce landing field length.

Although the 727 was even more economical to operate than initially anticipated, sales in the early 1960s were somewhat disappointing. This problem was due to the fact that many operators desired a larger capacity aircraft. Boeing then proceeded with an enlarged 727, the 727-200, capable of carrying up to 189 passengers or more fuel. Both the 727-100 and 727-200 models soon became best sellers, and a total of 1,832 airframes were completed by the time production ended in 1984. Boeing replaced the design with the more advanced 757.

Data below for 727-200 Advanced
Last modified 10 March 2011

HISTORY:
First Flight (727-100) 9 February 1963
Service Entry

(727-100) 1 February 1964 (with Eastern Air Lines)
(727-200) 14 December 1967 (with Northeast Airlines)

CREW: three flight crew: pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer

PASSENGERS: (typical) 70-189
(727-200) 145 in two classes, 189 in one-class

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root BAC 424/425/426/427
Wing Tip

BAC 428

DIMENSIONS:
Length 153.17 ft (46.69 m)
Wingspan 108.0 ft (32.92 m)
Height 34.0 ft (10.36 m)
Wing Area 1,647 ft² (153.3 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty 85,140 lb (38,700 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff (Standard) 191,000 lb (86,600 kg)
(Optional) 210,000 lb (95,300 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: 8,185 gal (31,000 L) [standard]
9,805 gal (37,020 L) [optional]
external: not applicable
Max Payload

63,100 lb (28,620 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant three Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15/-17/-17R turbofans
Thrust (-15) 46,500 lb (207 kN)
(-17) 48,000 lb (214 kN)
(-17R) 52,200 lb (232 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 630 mph (1,010 km/h) at 20,500 ft (6,250 m)
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 570 mph (915 km/h) at 24,600 ft (7,530 m)
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 35,000 ft (10,700 m)
Cruise Altitude (727-200) 24,700 ft (7,530 m)
(727-200 Advanced) 30,000 to 40,000 ft (9,145 to 12,190 m)
Range max fuel: 2,175 nm (4,020 km)
max payload: 1,490 nm (2,750 km)
g-Limits unknown

KNOWN VARIANTS:
727-100 First production model with space for 131 passengers
727-100C Convertible cargo/passenger model with strengthened floor and cargo handling equipment used on 707-320C allowing conversion between all cargo and passenger/cargo mixture (94 passengers maximum) in 2 hours
727-100QC Quick-change convertible model allowing conversion from cargo to passenger/cargo mixture in 30 minutes
727-200 Enlarged 727 with two 10-ft fuselage inserts allowing increase to 145, 163, or 189 passengers
Advanced
727-200
Improved 727-200 equipped with performance data computer to improve fuel efficiency and safety, automatic thrust compensation in case of engine failure, and cabin improvements
727F Dedicated freight version
727RE Experimental project investigating re-engining of 727-200 aircraft to provide 757-like capabilities

KNOWN OPERATORS:
Civil ACES Colombia
ADC Airlines
Aerochaqui
Aero Continente
Aero Exo
Aerolatin
Aerolineas Argentinas
Aerolineas Internacionales
Aeromexpress
Aeronica
Aero Peru
Aeropostal
Aerorepublica Colombia
Aerosucre Colombia
Aerosur
Aerotal
Aero Union
Aerovias
Aero Zambia
African Airlines International
Air Afrique
Air Alfa
Air Algerie
Air America
Air Aruba
Air Atlantis
Air Cargo Australia
Air Charter International
Air Contractors
Air Dabia
Air Djibouti
Air Florida
Air France
Air Gabon
Air Gemini
Air Jamaica
Air Malta
Air Micronesia
Air Nacoia
Air Nauru
Air Panama
Air Slovakia
Air Taxi International
Air Terrex
Air Vietnam
Air West
Air World
Alaska Airlines
Alitalia
All Canada Express
Allegro Air
All Nippon Airways
Amel Aruba
American Airlines
American Trans Air (ATA)
Americana de Aviacion
Amerijet International
Angola Air Charter
Ansett
Ansett Air Freight
Ansett-ANA
Ansett Australia
Ariana Afghan Airlines
Ariania
Asia Pacific Airlines
Asian Express Airlines
Atlas Hell Corporation
Australian Airlines
Australian Air Express
Australian Cargo
Av Atlantic
Avensa
Aviacsa
Avianca Colombia
Aviandina
Aviateca
Avient Aviation
Aviogenex
Azerbaijan Airlines
Bahrain Amiri Flight
Balkh Airlines
BAX Global
Bel Air / Ile de France
Bloodstock Air Services
Blue Airlines
Braniff Airways
British Airways
British Midland Airlines (BMA)
Capitol Air Express
Capital Cargo International
Cayman Airways
CF Air Freight
Champion Air
Chanchangi Airlines
Civil Air Transport
Comair
Congo Airlines
Continental Airlines
Continental Cargo
Continental Micronesia
Cook Islands International
Cougar
Cruzeiro
Custom Air Transport
Cyprus Turkish
Dallas Aerospace
Dan-Air
Delta Air Lines
DHL Aero Expresso
DHL Airways
DHL Guatemala
DHL Worldwide
Dan Air London
Digex Air Cargo Discovery Air
Donrey
Eastern Air Lines
East West
Emery Worldwide
Enterprise Aviation
Equatoriana
Europe Aéro Services (EAS)
European Air Transport
Evergreen International
Excel Airways
Express.net Airlines
Express One International
Falcon Air Express
Faucatt Peru
Federal Express (FedEx)
First Air
Florida West Airlines
Flying Tiger
Fly SA Linhas Aereas
GM Airlines
Hanair
Harco Air Services
Helenic Air
HMS Airways
Hughes Airwest
IAF Air Freighters
Iberia
ILPO
Imperial Palace Air
Independent Air Freighters
Interamericana Colombia
Interdec
Iran Air
Iran Aseman Airlines
Iraqi Airways
IRS Airlines
Istanbul Airlines
JAT Yugoslav Airlines
Jet East
Kabo Air
Kalitta de Aviacion
Kelowna Flightcraft
Key Airlines
Kibris Turkish Airlines
Kitty Hawk Air Cargo
Kiwi International
Kulula
L'Aeropostale
LAB Airlines
Lacsa
Ladeco
Laker Airways
Lan Chile
Lanica
LA Suramericanas Colombia
Libyan Arab Airlines
Lineas Aereas Canarias (LAC)
Lufthansa Cargo India
Macedonian Airlines
Magnicharters
Mark III Leasing
Mexicana
Mexicargo
Miami Air
MIAT Mongolian Airlines
Mid East Jet
Million Air Charter
Mozambique Airlines (LAM)
Morningstar Air Express
National Airlines
National Jet
Nationwide Air
New Century Air
Nigeria Airways
Nomads
Northeast Airlines
Northern Air Cargo
Northwest Airlines
Nova Gulf
Occidental
Okada Air
Olympic Airways
Oman Air
Orion
Pacific Air Express
Pacific Southwest Airlines
Palestinian Airlines
Pan American World Airways (Pan Am)
Pan American Airlines, Pan Am Clipper Connection (Pan Am III)
Panavia Panama
Peninsular
People Express
Piedmont Airlines
Planet Airways
PLUNA
Polynesian
Puntavia
Purolator
Prestige Airlines
Qatar Airways
Quaker Coal
Quassar
Quest Cargo International
Reeve Aleutian Airways
Republic
Redec
Royal
Royal Air Maroc
Royal Jordanian
Royal Nepal Airlines
Ryan International
Sabre Airways
Saeta
Safair
Samco Aviation
Sam Colombia
San
SARO
Satena Colombia
Scibe-Airlift Congo
Seagreen Air Transport
Servivensa
Sigair
Sissosa Airline
Skyline
Skyservice
Sky Trek International Airlines
SMA Airlines
Sobelair
Sonair
Southwest Airlines
Sport Hawk International Airlines
Star Air
Starling Aviation
Sterling European
Sunbird Airways
Sun Country Airlines
Sunworld International Airlines
Swiftair
Syrianair
TAA The Nation's Jetline, TAA T-Jet
Taesa
Talia Airways
TAME
TAN
TAP Air Portugal
TNT International
Top Air
Torosair
Total Linhas Aereas
Transafrik
Trans Air Benin
Trans Air Cargo
Transasian Air Express
Trans Australia Airlines (TAA)
Trans Australia Airlines Cargo
Transbrasil
Trans Caribbean Airlines
Transmeridian Airlines
Trans World Airlines (TWA)
Triangle Aircraft Services
Triax Airlines
Trump Shuttle
Tunisair
Tur European Airways
Turkish Airlines
Twinjet Aircraft
United Airlines
United Parcel Service (UPS)
US Airways Shuttle
Viasa
Varig
VASP
Venus Airways
Viabrasil
View Top
Viscount
West African Airlines
Wien Air Alaska
Wetrafa Airlift
Winport Air Cargo
Yemenia
Zuliana de Aviacion
Government/Military Burkina Faso
Cameroon, l'Armee de l'Air du Cameroun (Cameroon Air Force)
Colombia, Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (Columbian Air Force)
Congo, Force Aérienne du Congo (Congolese Air Force)
Djibouti
Iran (Imperial Iranian Air Force)
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force)
Mexico, Fuerza Aérea Mexicana (Mexican Air Force)
New Zealand (Royal New Zealand Air Force)
Nigeria (Nigerian Air Force)
Panama
Senegal
Taiwan, Chung-Kuo Kung Chuan (Republic of China Air Force)
United States (US Air Force)

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

Boeing 727


SOURCES:
  • Aboulafia, Richard. Jane's Civil Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1996, p. 40-41, Boeing 727.
  • Boeing 727 site
  • Chant, Christopher and Taylor, Michael J.H. The World's Greatest Aircraft. Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, 2006, p. 225, Boeing 727.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 168-169, Boeing Model 727.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 1999, p. 159-162, Boeing 727.
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 212, Boeing 727.
  • Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/1997. London: Brassey's, 1996, p. 264, Boeing 727.





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