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Boeing 707 Boeing
707
Medium to Long-Range Jetliner

DESCRIPTION:
Beginning as the Model 367-80 in 1952, the Boeing 707 was to become the first turbine-engine powered airliner in the US. The basic design, first unveiled in 1954, was derived from the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser civil and KC-97 military transports as well as the B-47 Stratojet bomber. The 707 saw many improvements over its production lifetime, namely sporting numerous engines ranging from the original Pratt & Whitney JT3C turbojets to the final, much-improved, JT3D-7 turbofans.

So successful was the Boeing 707 concept that it has served as the basis for all future Boeing transports to the current day as well as those of its rivals. By the time production finally ended in 1991, 1,010 aircraft had been built for passenger, freight, and military operations. Many will remain in service, especially with African and South American operators, well into the 21st century.

Data below for 707-320C
Last modified 23 April 2011

HISTORY:
First Flight 15 July 1954
Service Entry

October 1958 (with Pan Am)

CREW: four flight crew

PASSENGERS: (typical) 110-189
(707-320C) 147 in two classes

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root BAC 310/311/312
Wing Tip

BAC 313

DIMENSIONS:
Length 152.92 ft (46.61 m)
Wingspan 145.75 ft (44.42 m)
Height 42.42 ft (12.93 m)
Wing Area 2,941 ft² (273.7 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty 137,526 lb (62,512 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff 328,060 lb (149,118 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: unknown
external: not applicable
Max Payload

unknown

PROPULSION:
Powerplant four Pratt & Whitney JT3D-7 turbofans
Thrust 76,000 lb (320.4 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 625 mph (1,010 km/h)
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 550 mph (885 km/h)
Initial Climb Rate 2,640 ft (714 m) / min
Service Ceiling 39,000 ft (11,000 m)
Range max fuel: 4,700 nm (8,690 km)
max payload: 4,260 nm (7,885 km)
g-Limits unknown

KNOWN VARIANTS:
367-80 Prototype
707-120 First production model
707-120B Improved 707-120 with more powerful turbofan engines and wing and tail refinements
707-220 Similar to 707-120 but with new engines
707-320
Intercontinental
First version built for transcontinental use with larger wingspan and length, improved engines, and room for 189 passengers
707-320B
Intercontinental
Improved 707-320 with aerodynamic refinements and better engines
707-320C
Convertible
Multipurpose variant capable of carrying all passenger (147 to 219), all cargo, or mixed passenger/cargo loads
707-320C
Freighter
Dedicated cargo version of 320C with no facilities for passengers
707-420
Intercontinental
Model 707-320 with Rolls-Royce Conway Mk 508 turbofans
VC-137 Military VIP transports operated by USAF
717 (C-135) Military in-flight refueling aircraft co-developed with the original 707 design (not to be confused with the current 717 originally known as the McDonnell Douglas MD-95, a completely separate design)
E-3 Military Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft based on 707-320B
E-6 Military submarine communications platform based on 707
E-8 Military battlefield reconnaissance platform based on 707-323C

KNOWN OPERATORS:
Civil ADC Airlines
AECA
Aer Lingus
Aeroamerica
Aerobrasil Cargo
Aerocondor Colombia
Aerolineas Argentinas
Aero Nica
Aeronaves del Peru
Aerotal Colombia
Aerouruguay
Aerovias
Aero Zambia
African Airlines International
Air Afrique
Air Algerie
Air Atlantic Cargo
Air Atlantis
Air Bahama
Air Berlin USA
Air Borealis
Air Cargo Plus (ACS)
Air Carrier Supply
Air Florida
Air France
Air Fret
Air Holidays
Air India
Air Lanka
Air Madagascar
Air Malta
Air Manila
Air Mauritius
Air Memphis
Air Moravia
Air Nacoia
Air Niugini
Air Rwanda
Air Region
Air Samoa
Air Zimbabwe
Alia - Royal Jordanian Airlines
Allied Airlines
Alyemda
American Airlines
American Trans Air (ATA)
Analinda Airlines
Angola Air Charter
ARCA Colombia
Ariana Afghan
Austrian Airlines
Avianca
Aviation Consultants
Aviation Systems International
Aviation Traders
Azerbaijan Airways
Azza Air Transport
Bahamas World Airways
Balkh Airlines
BEA Airtours
Beta Cargo
Biman Bangladesh Airlines
Blue Air
Braniff
British Airtours
British Airways
British Caledonian Airways
British Midland Airlines (BMA)
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC)
British West Indian Airways (BWIA)
Burlington Air Transport
CAL Congo Airlines
Cameroon Airlines
Canadian Pacific Airlines
Cargolux
Cargo Moravia (CMA)
Cathay Pacific Airways
Charlotte Aircraft
China Airlines
China Southwest Airlines
Comtran International
Clipper International
Coastal Airways
Condor
Congo Airlines
Continental Airlines
Continental Cargo Airlines
Cyprus Airways
Dan-Air
DAS Air Cargo
Denver-Ports of Call
Dominicana de Aviacion
Egyptair
El Al
Enterprise Air
Equaflight
Equator Leasing
Espace Aviation
Ethiopian Airways
First International Airlines
Florida West Airlines
Flying Dolphin Airlines
Flying Tiger Line
Fresh Food Trading (FFT)
GAS Air Nigeria
GM Airlines
Global International
Golden State Air Cargo
Greco Air
Gulf Falcon
Hang Khong Vietnam
Hispaniola Airways
IAT Cargo Airlines Imperial Cargo Airlines
Independent Air
Interair
International Caribbean Airways
Iran Air
Iraqi Airways
Jamahiriyan Air Transport
Jaro International
Jason Air
JAT Yugoslav Airlines
Jet Cargo Liberia
Jet Clipper Johnny
Jetlease
Johnsons Air
Jordan World Airways
Katale Aero Transport
Kivu Cargo
Korean Airlines
Kuwait
LAB Airlines
Lacer
Lade
Laker Airways
LAM
LanChile
Libyan Arab Airlines
Libyan Arab Air Cargo
Lineas Aereas de Mozambique (DETA)
Lineas Aereas Paraguayas
Lloyd Aero Boliviana
Lonsdale Jet
Lowa
Lufthansa
Luxair
Luxavia
Luxor Air
Malaysian Airlines Systems (MAS)
Mexicargo
Midair
Middle East Airlines (MEA)
Million Air
MISR Overseas Airways
Monarch Airlines
Naganagani
National Air Charters (Zambia)
National Aircraft
National Airlines
National Overseas Airlines
Nigeria Airways
Northwest Orient
Occidental Airlines
Olympic Airways
Omega Aerial Refueling Services
Omni International
Pacific Western Airlines
Pakistan International Airlines (PIA)
Pan American World Airways (Pan Am)
Pan Aviation
Paninternational
Pearl Air
PLUNA
Point Air Mulhouse
Primeras
Qantas
Quebecair
Quiet Skies
Race Cargo Airlines
Romavia
RomAviation
Royal Air Maroc
Royal Jordanian Airlines
RN Air Cargo
Rwandair
Sabena
SAE Cargo Saeta
Saha Airlines
Saudia
Scibe-Airlift Congo
Seaboard World
Seagreen Air Transport
Sierra Leone Airways (SLA)
Singapore International Airlines (SIA)
SkyAir Cargo
Skymaster Airlines
Skyways International
Sobelair
Société Antillaise De Transport et de Tourisme (SATT)
Somali Airlines
South African Airways
St. Lucia Airways
Standard
Sudan Airways
Syrianair
TAAG Angola Airlines
Tampa Colombia
TAP Air Portugal
Tarom
TBN Aircraft Aruba
Thai Flying Service
THY Turkish Airlines
TMA of Lebanon
Tradan Association
Tradewinds Air Cargo
Transair Cargo
Trans-Air Services
Trans Arabian
Transasian
Transavia
TransBrazil
Transcontinental Sur
Trans European Airways (TEA)
Trans Mediterranean Airways (TMA)
Transportes Aereo Rioplatense
Trans World Airlines (TWA)
Triangle Airline
Tunisair
Uganda Airlines
United African Airlines
US Global
Varig
Vietnam
Wardair
Wolf Aviation
World Air Freight
World Airways
Yemenia
Young Cargo
Zaire International Cargo
Zambia Airways
Zarkani
Government/Military Angola, Força Aérea Popular de Angola (Angolan People's Air Force)
Argentina, Fuerza Aérea Argentina (Argentine Air Force)
Australia (Royal Australian Air Force)
Benin, Force Aérienne Populaire du Benin (People's Air Force of Benin)
Botswana (Botswana Defence Force Air Arm)
Brazil, Força Aérea Brasileira (Brazilian Air Force)
Canada (Canadian Armed Forces, Air Command)
Chile, Fuerza Aérea de Chile (Chilean Air Force)
Colombia, Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (Columbian Air Force)
Congo, Force Aérienne du Congo (Congolese Air Force)
Egypt, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force)
France, Armée de l'Air (French Air Force)
Germany, Deutsche Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
India, Bharatiya Vayu Sena (Indian Air Force)
Indonesia, Tentara Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air Force)
Iran (Imperial Iranian Air Force)
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force)
Israel, Tsvah Haganah le Israel - Heyl Ha'Avir (Israeli Defence Force - Air Force)
Italy, Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force)
Liberia (Liberian Army Air Unit)
Morocco, Al Quwwat al Jawiyya al Malakiya Marakishiya (Royal Moroccan Air Force)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Pakistan, Pakistan Fiza'ya (Pakistani Air Force)
Paraguay, Fuerza Aérea Paraguaya (Paraguay Air Force)
Peru, Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Peruvian Air Force)
Portugal, Força Aérea Portuguesa (Portuguese Air Force)
Qatar (Qatar Emiri Air Force)
Romania, Fortele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force)
Saudi Arabia, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya as Sa'udiya (Royal Saudi Air Force)
South Africa, Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag (South African Air Force)
Spain, Ejército del Aire Española (Spanish Air Force)
Togo, Force Aérienne Togolaise (Togolese Air Force)
Turkey, Türk Hava Kuvvetleri (Turkish Air Force)
Uganda (Uganda People's Defence Force)
United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates Air Force)
United Kingdom (Royal Air Force)
United States (US Air Force)
United States (US Navy)
Venezuela, Fuerza Aérea Venezolana (Venezuelan Air Force)
Zaire, Force Aérienne Zairoise (Zaire Air Force)

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

Boeing 707


SOURCES:
  • Aboulafia, Richard. Jane's Civil Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1996, p. 38-39, Boeing 707
  • Boeing 707 site
  • Chant, Christopher and Taylor, Michael J.H. The World's Greatest Aircraft. Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, 2006, p. 221, Boeing 707 and 720.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 162-163, Boeing Model 707.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 1999, p. 148-154, Boeing 707.
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 210, Boeing 707.
  • Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/1997. London: Brassey's, 1996, p. 264, Boeing 707 and C-135/C-137 series.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999, p. 247, Boeing 707 and C-135/C-137 series.





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