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Boeing 757 Boeing
757
Short to Medium-Range Jetliner

DESCRIPTION:
The Boeing 757 followed many years of design studies that explored replacing the 727, but the decision to proceed with a new aircraft finally came in early 1978. Envisioned as the first of a new family of advanced technology commercial airliners, the 757 retained the narrow fuselage cross-section of the 727 while the two following members of the family, the 767 and 777, feature wide-body fuselages. The 757 was designed for the short- to medium-range market for transcontinental routes where it competed with the rival Airbus A320 family.

From the outset of the program, Boeing focused on economy of operation, especially high levels of fuel efficiency. The 757 incorporated a high-technology wing that significantly reduced drag, high bypass ratio turbofan engines, and computers that allowed the aircraft to operate at optimum efficiency throughout its flight.

The 757 and 767 programs began within months of each other allowing the two projects to benefit from shared development costs. This emphasis on commonality also encouraged customers to purchase both designs for use on a variety of short-range, medium-range, and long-range routes. Both designs were powered by related families of engines from Pratt & Whitney, General Electric, or Rolls-Royce depending on customer preference. Although the 757 used a narrower, longer fuselage and a wing of reduced sweep and span compared to the 767, the two designs shared many common components. Among these were related tail assemblies, a common flight deck for the two or three crew, most avionics, flight management and air data computer systems, and major structural subassemblies.

The 757 was built in several models including the 757-200, 757-300 stretched variant, and 757-200F cargo freighter. A total of 1,050 examples of the 757 were built, but Boeing closed the production line in October 2004 due to declining sales. Many customers have instead ordered newer stretched models of the Boeing 737 that can carry similar numbers of passengers over comparable ranges but cost less to purchase and operate.

Data below for 757-200 and 757-300
Last modified 06 March 2010

HISTORY:
First Flight (757-200) 19 February 1982
(757-200F) 13 August 1987
(757-200M) 15 July 1988
(757-300) 2 August 1998
Service Entry

(757-200) 1 January 1983 (with Eastern Airlines)
(737-300) 19 March 1999 (with Condor)

CREW: two or three flight crew: pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer (early production models only)

PASSENGERS: (757-200) 192 in two classes, 239 in one class
(757-300) 239 in two classes, 289 in one class

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root unknown
Wing Tip

Boeing TR-51 mod

DIMENSIONS:
Length (757-200) 155.25 ft (47.32 m)
(757-300) 178.58 ft (54.48 m)
Wingspan 124.83 ft (38.05 m)
Height 44.50 ft (13.56 m)
Wing Area 1,951 ft² (181.25 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty (757-200) 126,060 lb (57,180 kg)
(757-300) 141,300 lb (64,105 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff (757-200) 255,000 lb (115,665 kg)
(757-300) 272,500 lb (123,605 kg)
Fuel Capacity (757-200) 11,275 gal (42,680 L)
(757-200F) 12,115 gal (55,065 L)
(757-300) 11,465 gal (43,400 L)
Max Payload

(757-200) 72,210 lb (32,755 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant (757-200) two Pratt & Whitney PW2037 or PW2040 turbofans
or two Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4/4B turbofans
(757-300) two Pratt & Whitney PW2043 turbofans
or two Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4B turbofans
Thrust (PW2037) 73,200 lb (325.6 kN)
(PW2040) 80,200 lb (356.8 kN)
(PW2043) 85,200 lb (378.8 kN)
(RB211-535E4) 80,400 lb (358.0 kN)
(RB211-535E4B) 87,000 lb (387.0 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 580 mph (935 km/h) at 30,000 ft (9,140 m), Mach 0.86
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 530 mph (850 km/h) at 35,000 ft (10,675 m), Mach 0.80
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 42,030 ft (12,810 m)
Range (757-200) 3,905 nm (7,240 km)
(757-200F) 2,895 nm (5,370 km)
(757-300) 3,450 nm (6,410 km)
g-Limits unknown

KNOWN VARIANTS:
7N7 Original designation for the 757
757-100 Originally planned shortened model seating 150 passengers; cancelled
757-200 First production model; 995 total 757-200 airframes built
757-200ERX Extended-range variant of the 757-200 with two additional fuel tanks for increased capacity and stronger wing structure of the 757-300, offered 4,995 nm (9,250 km) range and maximum takeoff weight of 272,270 lb (123,500 kg) but no orders were received
757-200F Cargo freighter version based on the 757-200
757-200M Combi Combination passenger/cargo model
757-200 Special Freighter Conversion package available for former passenger models modified into cargo freighters
757-300 Lengthened model able to carry up to 289 passengers and modified with strengthened wings and landing gear, new tires, and a tail skid; 55 built
757BBJ3 Boeing Business Jet 3 derivative based on the 757-200; not built

KNOWN OPERATORS:
Civil Aeromexico
Aero Peru
Aerovias
Air 2000
Air Belgium
Air Europa
Air Europe
Air Greenland
Air Holland
Air Macau
Air Niugini
Air Scandic
Air Scotland
Air Senegal
Airtours International
Air Transat
Alas Nacionales
Allegiant Air
American Airlines
American Trans Air (ATA)
America West Airlines
Angle Airlines
Ansett Worldwide
Arkia Israeli Airlines
Astraeus
Atlas International
AV8air
Avianca
Azerbaijan Airlines
Babcock & Brown Aircraft Management
Balair
Blue Dart Aviation
BMI British Midland
Britannia Airways
British Airways
Caledonian
Canada 3000
Cargojet
China Southern Airlines
China Southwest Airlines
China Xinjiang Airlines
Condor Flugdienst
Conquest Vacations
Continental Airlines
Delta Air Lines
Dinair Lineas Aereas
Dutchbird
Eastern Airlines
El Al Israel Airlines
Eos
Ethiopian Airlines
European Air Transport
Far Eastern Air Transport
FedEx
Finnair
Flyjet
flyLAL
Greece Airways
Greenlandair
Gulf Air
Guyana Air 2000
Iberia
Icelandair
Iceland Express
Iraqi
Israir
JMC Air
Lapa
Lauda
Ledeco
LTE International Airways
LTU International Airways
Martinair
Mexicana
Mid East Jet
MyTravel Airways
Monarch Airlines
National Airlines
Nepal Airlines Corporation
North American Airlines
Northwest Airlines
OpenSkies
Orient Eagle Airways
Pace Airlines
Privatair
Royal Air Maroc
Royal Aviation
Royal Brunei Airlines
Royal Nepal Airlines
Royal Tongan Airlines
Shanghai Airlines
Siberia Airlines
Song Airlines
South Atlantic Airways
TACV
Thomas Cook Airlines Germany
Thomas Cook Airlines UK
Transaero
Transavia Airlines
Transbrasil
Trans World Airlines (TWA)
Turkmenistan Airlines
United Airlines
United Parcel Service (UPS)
US Airways
Uzbekistan Airways
Venus Airways
Vulcan Northwest
Xiamen Airlines
Xinjiang Airlines
Zambia Airways
Zoom Airlines
Government/Military Argentina, Fuerza Aérea Argentina (Argentine Air Force)
Mexico, Fuerza Aérea Mexicana (Mexican Air Force)
United States (US Air Force)
United States (NASA)

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

Boeing 757


SOURCES:
  • Aboulafia, Richard. Jane's Civil Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1996, p. 50-51, Boeing 757.
  • Boeing 757 site
  • Chant, Christopher and Taylor, Michael J.H. The World's Greatest Aircraft. Edison, NJ: Chartwell Books, 2006, p. 237, Boeing 757.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 173, Boeing Model 757.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 1999, p. 200-208, Boeing 757.
  • Müller, Claudio. Aircraft of the World. NY: Muddle Puddle Books, 2004, p. 76-77, Boeing 757-300.
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 218, Boeing 757.
  • Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/1997. London: Brassey's, 1996, p. 268-269, Boeing 757.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999, p. 252-253, Boeing 757.





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