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Tornado ADV Panavia
Tornado ADV
Long Range Interceptor

DESCRIPTION:
During the Cold War, Great Britain was faced with the challenge of defending a large area of NATO's northern and western skies over the North Atlantic and Baltic Sea. Since its Phantom and Lightning interceptors were nearing the end of their service lives, the UK chose to develop a derivative of the Tornado IDS for use in the air defense and air superiority roles.

The Air Defense Variant (ADV) uses the same basic airframe, propulsion, and systems as the IDS but includes much different avionics and weapons tailored to its fighter roles. Italy has also leased several Tornado ADV models from the UK to fill an interim role until the Eurofighter enters service. The type has been exported to Saudi Arabia to serve alongside its F-15 air superiority fighters as well.

Data below for Tornado F.2
Last modified 20 September 2009

HISTORY:
First Flight (Tornado F.1) 27 October 1979
(Tornado F.2) 5 March 1984
(Tornado F.3) 20 November 1985
Service Entry 1 May 1985

CREW: two: pilot, weapons officer

ESTIMATED COST: unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root unknown
Wing Tip unknown

DIMENSIONS:
Length 61.29 ft (18.68 m)
Wingspan unswept: 45.63 ft (13.91 m)
swept: 28.21 ft (8.60 m)
Height 19.52 ft (5.95 m)
Wing Area unknown
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty 31,970 lb (14,500 kg)
Normal Takeoff 47,500 lb (21,546 kg)
Max Takeoff 61,700 lb (27,986 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: 16,000 lb (7,250 kg)
external: unknown
Max Payload

unknown

PROPULSION:
Powerplant two Turbo-Union RB199-34R afterburning turbofans
Thrust 36,400 lb (162 kN) with afterburner

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 1,455 mph (2,340 km/h) at 36,000 ft (10.9750 m), Mach 2.2
at sea level: unknown
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 70,000 ft (21,335 m)
Range typical: 2,000 nm (3,704 km)
ferry: unknown
g-Limits unknown

ARMAMENT:
Gun one 27-mm IWKA-Mauser cannon
Stations eight external hardpoints
Air-to-Air Missile (Tornado F.2) up to two AIM-9 Sidewinder, up to four Skyflash
(Tornado F.3) up to FOUR AIM-9 Sidewinder, up to four Skyflash
future plans call for up to four AIM-120 AMRAAM or four Active Sky Flash, up to four ASRAAM
Air-to-Surface Missile Kormoran
Bomb 1000 lb bombs
Other ECM pods

KNOWN VARIANTS:
Tornado F.1 Prototype
Tornado F.2 Production model; 18 built (8 as dual-control trainers)
Tornado F.2A Plan to upgrade F.2 airframes to near F.3 standard, but unlikely to be implemented
Tornado F.3 Improved version with more advanced cockpit, more powerful afterburners, and improved avionics; 176 built (44 as combat-capable dual-control trainers)
Tornado TIARA

F.2 airframe modified as the Tornado Integrated Avionics Research Aircraft to serve as a testbed for advanced fighter technologies including helmet-mounted sights, a holographic HUD, and hands-on-throttle-and-stick (HOTAS) controls; 1 converted

KNOWN COMBAT RECORD: Iraq - Operation Desert Storm (UK, 1991)
Bosnia - Operation Deliberate Force (UK, 1995)
Kosovo - Operation Allied Force (Italy, 1999)
Iraq - Operation Iraqi Freedom (UK, 2003-present)

KNOWN OPERATORS: Italy, Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force) - 24
Saudi Arabia (Royal Saudi Army Air Arm) - 24
United Kingdom (Royal Air Force) - 170

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

Tornado


SOURCES:
  • Bishop, Chris, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Weapons: The Comprehensive Guide to Over 1,000 Weapon Systems from 1945 to the Present Day. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1999, p. 242, 266.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 721-722, Panavia Tornado.
  • Donald, David and Lake, Jon, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 2000, p. 345-347, Panavia Tornado ADV.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Warplanes. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1995, p. 224, Panavia Tornado ADV.
  • Gunston, Bill and Spick, Mike. Modern Air Combat: The Aircraft, Tactics and Weapons Employed in Aerial Combat Today. NY: Crescent Books, 1983, p. 142-143, Panavia Tornado F.2.
  • Isby, David C. Jane's Fighter Combat in the Jet Age. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1997, p. 176, Panavia Tornado ADV.
  • Munro, Bob and Chant, Christopher. Jane's Combat Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995, p. 190-193, Panavia Tornado ADV.
  • Paul Nann's Military Aviation Photo Gallery
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 89, Panavia Tornado ADV.
  • Spick, Mike. Brassey's Modern Fighters: The Ultimate Guide to In-Flight Tactics, Technology, Weapons, and Equipment. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2000, p. 50-53, Panavia Tornado F.3.
  • Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/1997. London: Brassey's, 1996, p. 167-168, Panavia Tornado Air Defense Variant (ADV).
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999, p. 142-143, Panavia Tornado Air Defense Variant (ADV).





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