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Su-25 Sukhoi
Su-25, Su-39
ASCC codename: Frogfoot
Ground-Attack Plane

DESCRIPTION:
Designed for low-level close-in air support of ground troops, the Su-25 is heavily armored and designed to absorb significant punishment over the battlefield. The pilot is protected by an almost 1-inch thick case of welded titanium, and the internal fuel tanks are filled with reticulated foam to help prevent explosions. The Su-25 is equipped with a laser-designator behind a flat glass window in the nose allowing the aircraft to deliver precision guided bombs and missiles. Though similar in many ways to the American A-10 attack aircraft, the Su-25 has proven very unpopular with pilots. This was especially true during the Afghanistan conflict of the 1980s where the Su-25 suffered terrible losses to portable anti-aircraft missiles and ground fire. Because of experience in that war, an improved version, known as the Su-39, has been developed featuring a new nav/attack system, improved weapons delivery systems, and other equipment to improve survivability. About 330 total aircraft are believed to have been built by 1989.

Data below for Su-25K
Last modified 17 March 2012

HISTORY:
First Flight 1975
Service Entry 1980 (?)

CREW: (Su-25) one: pilot
(Su-39) two: pilot, systems officer

ESTIMATED COST: unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root unknown (11%)
Wing Tip unknown (11%)

DIMENSIONS:
Length 50.12 ft (15.53 m)
Wingspan 47.12 ft (14.36 m)
Height 15.75 ft (4.80 m)
Wing Area 362 ft² (33.7 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty 20,950 lb (9,500 kg)
Normal Takeoff 32,190 lb (14,600 kg)
Max Takeoff 38,800 lb (17,600 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: unknown
external: unknown
Max Payload

9,700 lb (4,400 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant two Soyuz/ Turmanskii R-195 turbojets
Thrust 19,842 lb (88.36 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: unknown
at sea level: 606 mph (975 km/h)
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 16,400 ft (5,000 m)
Range typical: 200 nm (375 km) with max payload
ferry: 675 nm (1,250 km)
g-Limits unknown

ARMAMENT:
Gun one 30-mm AO-17A twin-barrel cannon (250 rds)
Stations 11 external hardpoints and 2 wingtip rails
Air-to-Air Missile R-3, R-60/AA-8 Aphid
Air-to-Surface Missile Kh-23, Kh-25, Kh-29
Bomb free-fall, guided, and cluster bombs
Other rocket pods, ECM pods, 23 mm gun pods (260 rds ea)

KNOWN VARIANTS:
Su-25 Production single-seat attack plane
Su-25BM Target-towing aircraft
Su-25SM Upgrade program
Su-25UB Two-seat combat-capable trainer
Su-25UT or Su-28 Two-seat unarmed trainer
Su-25UTG Navalized two-seat trainer based on the Su-25UT; 10 built
Su-25UBP Improved trainer
Su-25K Single-seat attack model for export
Su-25UBK Two-seat combat-capable trainer for export
Su-25T/TM or Su-39 Improved two-seat Su-25 based on the Su-25UB with an automatic weapon release system, ECM pods on the wingtips, and an aft pod housing chaff, flares, and an infrared jammer for improved self defense

KNOWN COMBAT RECORD: Afghanistan War (Soviet Union, 1981-1989)
Iraq - Operation Desert Storm (Iraq, 1991)
Abkhaz-Georgian Civil War (Abkhazia, Georgia, 1992-1994)
Nagorno-Karabakh War (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, 1992-1994)
Chechnya (Russia, 1994-present)
South Ossetia War (Georgia, Russia, 2008)

KNOWN OPERATORS: Abkhazia (Abkhazian Air Force)
Angola, Força Aérea Popular de Angola (Angolan People's Air Force)
Armenia (Armenian Air Force)
Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan Air Force)
Belarus, Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (Belarus Air Force)
Bulgaria, Bulgarski Voenno Vozdushni Sili (Bulgarian Air Defense Force Military Aviation)
Czechoslovakia, Ceskoslovenske Letectvo (Czechoslovak Air Force)
Czech Republic, Cesk Letectvo a Protivzbusna Obrana (Czech Air Force and Air Defense)
Georgia (Georgian Air Force)
Hungary, Magyar Honvedseg Repülö Csapatai (Hungarian Air Defense Group)
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force)
Iraq, Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya al Iraqiya (Iraqi Air Force)
Côte d'Ivoire, Force Aérienne de la Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast Air Force)
North Korea (Korean People's Army Air Force)
Russia, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Russian Air Force)
Russia, Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskoyo Flota Sily Rossii (Russian Naval Aviation)
Slovakia, Velitelstvo Vzdusnych Sil (Slovak Air Force)
Sudan, Silakh al Jawwiya As'Sudaniya (Sudanese Air Force)
Ukraine, Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (Ukraine Military Air Forces)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Soviet Air Force)

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

Su-25:

Su-25

Su-39:

Su-39


SOURCES:
  • Bishop, Chris, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Weapons: The Comprehensive Guide to Over 1,000 Weapon Systems from 1945 to the Present Day. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1999, p. 276.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 867-868.
  • Munro, Bob and Chant, Christopher. Jane's Combat Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995, p. 222-223.
  • Paul Nann's Military Aviation Photo Gallery





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