Tuscar H-71


Tuscar H-71
The mystery plane

Based on the overall appearance of the plane and the automobiles in the background, our initial guess was a mid-1930s to early-1940s American design, but research on the web and glancing through copies of Jane's All the World's Aircraft from that period turned up nothing. We then turned to Aerofiles.com, an excellent source of information on early aviation, and they quickly identified the aircraft as the Tuscar H-71. Most of the following information comes from the Aerofiles site.

The Tuscar H-70 (later redesignated the H-71) was a side-by-side two-seat tailless flying wing design with several rudders mounted along the trailing edge of the wing. The aircraft was powered by a 95-hp Menasco B-4 pusher prop located at the rear of the fuselage. The H-71 was designed by Thomas Hoff and originally built by (or for) the New York firm Management & Research, Inc. under a Dept. of Commerce contract. Flight testing of the plane began in 1937. These tests showed that the aircraft was flyable although difficult to turn (probably because of the small size of the rudders), but the vehicle crashed on 27 January 1938. Rebuilt by the Tuscar Metals Company and christened the H-71, the aircraft resumed testing and completed about 60 hours of flight time before crashing again in August 1945.

The original design was inspired by another tailless flying-wing concept built by Stearman-Hammond known as the Y series.
- answer by Jeff Scott, 3 June 2001


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