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An-22 Antonov
An-22 Antei
ASCC codename: Cock
Heavy Transport

Until the advent of the C-5 Galaxy, the An-22 Antei (Antheus) was the world's largest aircraft, and the design remains the world's largest turboprop-powered airplane. The An-22 follows traditional cargo transport design with a high-mounted wing allowing a cargo space 108 ft (33 m) in length and with a usable volume of 22,500 ft (639 m). The An-22 is essentially an enlarged version of the earlier An-12 except the tail was redesigned to incorporate twin vertical tails.

Key to the An-22's performance is its four powerful turboprop engines, each employing contra-rotating propellers that generate a significant slipstream over the wings. Combined with large double-slotted flaps along the wing trailing edge, the An-22 is capable of operating from relatively short runways for a plane of its size. The powerful engines have also allowed the An-22 to set a number of payload and payload-to-height world records.

The landing gear are ruggedized for operations from rough airstrips, and the tire pressures can be adjusted in flight for optimum landing performance. A pressurized forward fuselage provides space for 5 to 8 crew and up to 28 passengers, but the cargo space is unpressurized allowing the rear cargo doors to be opened during flight for paradrops.

Although 100 examples of the An-22 were ordered for the Soviet Air Force and Aeroflot, only about half of these are actually believed to have been built. Approximately 45 remained in service by the mid-1990s, mostly with the Russian Air Force, but these are slowly being replaced by the An-124.

Last modified 12 February 2011

First Flight 27 February 1965
Service Entry

1968 (?)

CREW: five: pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer, navigator, radio operator




Wing Root unknown
Wing Tip


Length 189.96 ft (57.90 m)
Wingspan 211.28 ft (64.40 m)
Height 41.11 ft (12.53 m)
Wing Area 3,713.67 ft (345.00 m)
Canard Area

not applicable

Empty 251,325 lb (114,000 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff 551,155 lb (250,000 kg)
Fuel Capacity unknown
Max Payload

176,370 lb (80,000 kg)

Powerplant four Kuznetsov NK-12MA turboprops
Thrust 60,000 shp (44,744 kW)

Max Level Speed at altitude: 460 mph (740 km/h)
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 375 mph (600 km/h)
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 32,780 ft (10,000 m)
Range typical: 2,700 nm (5,000 km) with max payload
ferry: 5,910 nm (10,950 km)
g-Limits unknown

Gun none
Stations none
Air-to-Air Missile none
Air-to-Surface Missile none
Bomb none
Other none

An-22 Production model for a heavy transport; between 50 and 100 built
(?) A model exists that carries outsize cargo piggy-back above the fuselage, can be distinguished by a third tailfin
(?) Proposed civil airliner version to seat 724 passengers on upper and lower decks; not built


Yom Kippur War (Soviet Union, 1973)

Civil Aeroflot
Military Russia, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Russian Air Force)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Soviet Air Force)



  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 55.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Warplanes. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1995, p. 43.
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 117.
  • Winchester, Jim. Military Aircraft of the Cold War. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 2006, p. 16-17, Antonov An-22 Antei 'Cock'.

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