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Tu-124 Tupolev
ASCC codename: Cookpot
Short to Medium-Range Jetliner

The success of the medium-range Tu-104 led Tupolev to develop a derivative to meet an Aeroflot requirement for a short to medium-range airliner to replace the Ilyushin Il-14. While a completely new aircraft, the Tu-124 was essentially a 75%-scale variant of the Tu-104, and the two were difficult to distinguish from a distance.

In comparison with the larger aircraft, the Tu-124 introduced several aerodynamic refinements including extension of the wing trailing edge roots and addition of double-slotted flaps, automatic lift dumpers, and a large center-section airbrake to improve takeoff and landing performance. The Tu-124 was also fitted with a brake parachute for use in case of emergency landing as well as low-pressure tires for rough-field operations. In addition, the Tu-124 introduced much more fuel efficient turbofan engines, being the first short-range jet aircraft in the world to be so equipped.

The initial production model carried up to 44 passengers while the definitive Tu-124V could handle 56. Other notable variants included the Tu-124K and Tu-124K2 VIP transports and Tu-124Sh-1 and Tu-124Sh-2 navigator trainer aircraft. Some 110 civil and 55 military examples were built by the time production ended with the majority serving Aeroflot. Export sales were weak since most potential customers awaited the improved Tu-134, but VIP transports were operated by the Indian Air Force. Other Tu-124s found their way into the militaries of Iraq and China.

Data below for Tu-124V
Last modified 19 October 2010

First Flight 29 March 1960
Service Entry

2 October 1962

CREW: three or four: pilot, co-pilot, navigator, and perhaps a radio operator

PASSENGERS: (Tu-124) 44
(Tu-124V) 56
(Tu-124K) 36
(Tu-124K2) 22



Wing Root PR-1-10S-9 (15.7%)
Wing Tip

PR-1-10S-9 (12%)

Length 100.33 ft (30.58 m)
Wingspan 83.81 ft (25.55 m)
Height 26.50 ft (8.08 m)
Wing Area 1,280.95 ft² (119.00 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

Empty 49,605 lb (22,500 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff 83,775 lb (38,000 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: 29,760 lb (13,500 kg)
external: not applicable
Max Payload

13,225 lb (6,000 kg)

Powerplant two Soloviev D-20P turbofans
Thrust 23,810 lb (105.92 kN)

Max Level Speed at altitude: 605 mph (970 km/h) at 26,245 ft (8,000 m), Mach 0.88
at sea level: unknown
max cruise speed: 540 mph (870 km/h)
normal cruise speed: 500 mph (800 km/h)
Initial Climb Rate 3,275 ft (1,000 m) / min
Service Ceiling 38,385 ft (11,700 m)
Range 1,135 nm (2,100 km) with half payload
670 nm (1,220 km) with max payload
Endurance unknown
g-Limits unknown

Tu-124 Initial production model carrying 44 passengers, later increased to 48, 52, or 60 seats
Tu-124V Principal production model carrying 56 passengers
Tu-124B Tu-124V airframes equipped with D-20P-125 turbofan engines
Tu-124K Deluxe transport for 36 passengers
Tu-124K2 Deluxe transport for 22 passengers
Tu-124Sh-1 and Tu-124Sh-2 Navigator trainers
Tu-127 Possible military designation for Tu-124 transports

Civil Aeroflot
Ceskoslovenske Aerolinie (CSA)
Government/Military China, Zhongkuo Shenmin Taifang Tsunputai (People's Liberation Army Air Force)
East Germany, Luftstreitkräfte/Luftverteidigung (Air Force/Air Defense Force)
India, Bharatiya Vayu Sena (Indian Air Force)
Iraq, Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya al Iraqiya (Iraqi Air Force)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Soviet Air Force)



  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 885, Tupolev Tu-124.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 1999, p. 732, Tupolev Tu-104 Short-haul brother.
  • The Flight Site Tu-124 site

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