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DC-10 Douglas
DC-10
Medium to Long-Range Jetliner

DESCRIPTION:
Both the Doulas DC-10 and Lockheed L-1011 were built to meet an airline requirement for a three-engine widebody jetliner for medium and long-range routes. The companies each designed similar aircraft with low-mounted swept wings and tail surfaces plus engines mounted one beneath each wing and the third at the base of the horizontal tail. However, the DC-10 managed to capture most of the market thanks in no small part to the US Air Force descision to purchase 60 airframes as the KC-10 Extender in-flight refueling tanker.

The major DC-10 versions include the original Series 10 intended for domestic use and the extended-range Series 30 designed for intercontinental range. In addition, several convertible passenger/cargo models were also built. Production lasted for for 17 years but ended in 1989 after 446 had been built. The DC-10 was followed by the related MD-11.

Last modified 29 November 2009

HISTORY:
First Flight 29 August 1970
Service Entry

5 August 1971 (with American Airlines)

CREW: three flight crew: pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer

PASSENGERS: 250 in three classes, 380 in one class

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root DSMA-496/-521/-522
Wing Tip

DSMA-519/-520

DIMENSIONS:
Length (DC-10-10) 182.25 ft (55.50 m)
(DC-10-15) 180.67 ft (55.0 m)
Wingspan (DC-10-10) 155.33 ft (47.39 m)
(DC-10-30) 165.33 ft (50.41 m)
Height 58.08 ft (17.70 m)
Wing Area 3,958.7 ft² (367.70 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty (DC-10-30) 267,200 lb (121,200 kg)
Normal Takeoff unknown
Max Takeoff (DC-10-10) 430,000 lb (195,045 kg)
(DC-10-15) 455,000 lb (206,385 kg)
(DC-10-30) 572,000 lb (259,460 kg)
(DC-10-40) 555,000 lb (251,700 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal:
(DC-10-10) 21,700 gal (82,135 L)
(DC-10-15) 26,645 gal (100,860 L)
(DC-10-30) 36,650 gal (138,720 L)
external: not applicable
Max Payload

(DC-10-30) 106,550 lb (48,330 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant (DC-10-10) three General Electric CF6-6D turbofans
(DC-10-15) three General Electric CF6-50C2F turbofans
(DC-10-30) three General Electric CF6-50C turbofans
(DC-10-40) three Pratt & Whitney JT9D-59A2 turbofans
Thrust (DC-10-10) 120,000 lb (533.81 kN)
(DC-10-15) 139,500 lb (620.55 kN)
(DC-10-30) 153,000 lb (680.60 kN)
(DC-10-40) 159,000 lb (707.30 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 600 mph (965 km/h)
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 565 mph (910 km/h) at 30,000 ft (9,145 m)
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling (DC-10-30) 33,400 ft (10,180 m)
Range (DC-10-10) 3,300 nm (6,110 km)
(DC-10-15) 3,780 nm (7,010 km)
(DC-10-30) 5,400 nm (10,010 km)
(DC-10-40) 5,000 nm (9,265 km)
g-Limits unknown

KNOWN VARIANTS:
DC-10 Series 10 Initial production model intended for domestic use; 122 built
DC-10 Series 10CF Convertible cargo/passenger model based on Series 10; 9 built
DC-10 Series 15 Similar to Series 10 but with uprated engines for operation at higher gross weights; 7 built
DC-10 Series 30 Extended range model intended for intercontinental use with increased wingspan, larger fuel capacity, and more powerful engines; 161 built
DC-10 Series 30CF Convertible cargo/passenger model based on Series 30; 26 built
DC-10 Series 30ER Extended range variant of the Series 30 with more powerful engines and larger fuel capacity; 19 built
DC-10 Series 40 Intercontinental model similar to Series 30 but equipped with Pratt & Whitney engines; 42 built
DC-10 Series 50
DC-10 Series 60
Design study of a stretched DC-10 derivative that eventually led to the development of the more advanced MD-11
KC-10A Extender Cargo transport and aerial tanker based on Series 30CF model but equipped with additional fuel cells in the lower fuselage, improved cargo handling system, and various in-flight refueling equipment, used by the US Air Force; 60 built

KNOWN OPERATORS:
Civil Aeroflot
Aerolyon
Aéromaritime
Aeromexico
African Safari Airways
Air Afrique
Air Europe SPA
Air France
Air Liberte
Air Martinique
Air New Zealand
Air Outre Mer (AOM)
Airtours
Air Zaire
Alitalia
American Airlines
American Trans Air (ATA)
AOM French Airlines
Arca Colombia
Avensa
Avient Aviation
Biman Bangladesh Airlines
British Airways
British Caledonian
Canadian
Cargo Lion
Challenge Air
Challenge Air Cargo
Cielos del Peru
Condor
Continental Airlines
Corsair
Cubana de Aviacion
DAS Air Cargo
Emery Worlwide Airlines
Equatoriana
FedEx
Finnair
Galaxy Airways
Garuda Indonesia
Ghana Airways
Gemini Air Cargo
Hawaiian Air
Iberia
JAL Ways
Japan Airlines
Japan Asia Airways
JAT Yugoslav Airlines
JMC Air
Kang Pacific
Korean Air Lines
Laker Airways
Lineas Aereas Paraguyas
Linhas Aereas de Mocambique (LMA)
Lufthansa
Malaysia Airlines
Martinair Holland
Mexicana
Minerve
Monarch Airlines
National Airlines
Nigeria Airways
Northwest Airlines
Omni Air Express
Omni Air International
Overseas National Airways
Pakistan International Airlines
Pan American World Airways (Pan Am)
Philippine Air Lines
Premair
Primeras
Ryan International Airlines
Saudia
Sabena
Skyjet
Skyjet France
Skyservice USA
Spantax
STAF
Sun Country Airlines
Taesa
Thai Airways International
THY Turkish Airlines
Transaero
Transair International
Tunisair
United Airlines
UTA
Varig
VASP
Viasa
Wardair Canada
Western Airlines
World Airways
Zambia Airways
Government/Military Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchmacht (Royal Netherlands Air Force)
United States (US Air Force)

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

DC-10


SOURCES:
  • Aboulafia, Richard. Jane's Civil Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1996, p. 78-79, McDonnell Douglas DC-10.
  • Boeing DC-10 site
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 612, McDonnell Douglas DC-10.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft. San Diego, CA: Thunder Bay Press, 1999, p. 614-621, McDonnell Douglas DC-10.
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 223, Boeing (McDonnell Douglas) DC-10.





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