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MiG-29 Mikoyan Gurevich
ASCC codename: Fulcrum
Multi-Role Fighter

The MiG-29 was designed as a replacement for the MiG-21, MiG-23, Su-15 and Su-17 fighters. While its overall appearance is similar to that of the American F/A-18 Hornet, the MiG-29 incorporates much larger and deeper leading-edge root extensions (LERX) for good maneuverability at high angles of attack. A series of auxiliary intakes are mounted on the upper surface of the LERXs allowing the engines to draw in air when the two main inlets are closed. These features are used during ground taxiing to prevent debris from being sucked into the engines. The large nose of the MiG-29 houses a single-seat cockpit for the pilot as well as a large pulse-Doppler look-down/shoot-down radar, laser rangefinder, infrared seeker/tracker system, and a helmet-mounted target-designation system. Though initial production models were not equipped with a fly-by-wire control system, the MiG-29 Fulcrum has shown exceptional agility that has earned great admiration in the West.

The MiG-29S model was upgraded with new avionics moved to the upper part of an enlarged fuselage. This modification allows a greater fuel capacity. One of the most advanced variants is the MiG-29M that includes a fly-by-wire control system and a more advanced HUD plus glass-cockpit displays. This model also disposes of the auxiliary engine intakes on the earlier models to make room for additional fuel, short range being the primary disadvantage of initial variants.

The Soviet Navy also considered deploying the MiG-29 aboard its Kuznetsov class aircraft carrier, and a navalized MiG-29K was developed and tested. However, the Su-33 was eventually chosen instead. India, however, has purchased a variant of the MiG-29K to be carried aboard a former Russian aircraft carrier being converted for the Indian Navy.

Last modified 05 March 2011

First Flight (MiG-29) 6 October 1977
(MiG-29M) 1989
(MiG-29UBT) 8 October 1998
Service Entry


CREW: one: pilot



Wing Root unknown
Wing Tip


Length 56.83 ft (17.32 m)
Wingspan 37.29 ft (11.36 m)
Height 15.54 ft (4.73 m)
Wing Area 408 ft² (38.0 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

Empty 24,030 lb (10,900 kg)
Normal Takeoff 33,600 lb (15,240 kg)
Max Takeoff 40,785 lb (18,500 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: unknown
external: unknown
Max Payload

6,614 lb (3,000 kg)

Powerplant (MiG-29A) two Klimov/ Sarkisov RD-33 afterburning turbofans
(MiG-29M) two Klimov/ Sarkisov RD-33K afterburning turbofans
Thrust (RD-33) 36,600 lb (162.8 kN)
(RD-33K) 41,450 lb (184.44 kN)

Max Level Speed at altitude: 1,520 mph (2,445 km/h) at 36,090 ft (11,000 m), Mach 2.3
at sea level: 805 mph (1,200 km/h), Mach 1.06
Initial Climb Rate 65,000 ft (19,800 m) / min
Service Ceiling 60,700 ft (18,500 m)
Range typical: 810 nm (1,500 km)
340 nm (630 km) with max payload
ferry: 1,570 nm (2,900 km)
g-Limits unknown

Gun one 30-mm GSh-301 cannon (150 rds)
Stations six or seven external hardpoints
(MiG-29K) nine external hardpoints
(MiG-29M) eight external hardpoints
Air-to-Air Missile R-60/AA-8 Aphid, R-27/AA-10 Alamo, R-73/AA-11 Archer, R-77/AA-12 Adder
Air-to-Surface Missile AS-12, AS-14, AS-17
Bomb free-fall, guided, cluster bombs
Other rocket pods, ECM pods, munitions dispensers

9-01 Pre-production model
MiG-29 'Fulcrum-A' First production model, prototypes included three slightly different models with varying types of nose gear, fin, and rudder arrangements
MiG-29UB 'Fulcrum-B' Two-seat trainer with radar removed
MiG-29S 'Fulcrum-C' Improved single-seat fighter for serial production with an enlarged fuselage, new avionics, and a larger fuel capacity
MiG-29KVP MiG-29K prototype built to test catapult takeoff and arrestor gear systems, may also have been used as a trainer for the MiG-29K
MiG-29K 'Fulcrum-D' Navalized one-seat multipurpose fighter for use on aircraft carriers; Russian production cancelled after trials completed but a derivative was later purchased by India
MiG-29KU Trainer version of the MiG-29K with a modified nose adding a separate cockpit for the instructor forward and below the normal cockpit; cancelled
MiG-29KUB Trainer version of the MiG-29K purchased by India and the Russian Navy
MiG-29B Two-seat version, details unknown
MiG-29UBT Two-seat strike model designed for special operations
MiG-29SD Export version of the MiG-29S
MiG-29SE Export version of the MiG-29S with a new ECM jammer
MiG-29N Export version for Malaysia similar to the MiG-29SD and optimized for air defense but equipped with in-flight refueling capability, updated communications equipment, improved navigation systems, and updated engines
MiG-29UBN Two-seat trainer exported to Malaysia
MiG-29SM Improved MiG-29S/SE with in-flight refueling capability, increased payload, and the ability to carry improved air-to-air missiles plus a TV display compatible with the KAB-500KR guided bomb or the Kh-29T missile, also capable of carrying the Kh-31A and Kh-31P missiles
MiG-29SMT Modernization program for MiG-29SM export models with an improved cockpit, improved avionics, and increased range
MiG-29SMT-2 "Second stage" modernization program for export models that provides a new radar, improved engines, revised ECM equipment, a digital fly-by-wire control system, and compatibility with numerous adbanced air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons
MiG-29SMTK Carrier-based export model offered to India, includes folding wings, arrestor gear, and improved navigation systems
MiG-29M 'Fulcrum-E' Improved fighter with fly-by-wire controls, upgraded engines, a modified tail and wing layout, a revised canopy, and the ability to carry guided-munitions
MiG-29MaE or MiG-29MEh or MiG-29EM Export version of the MiG-29M
MiG-29MR Reconnaissance version of the MiG-29M
MiG-29UM Two-seat combat-capable trainer version of the MiG-29M
MiG-29M2 'Fulcrum-F' Two-seat variant of the MiG-29M
MiG-29 'Fulcrum-Plus' MiG-29 variant equipped with thrust-vectoring nozzles and canards, not believed to have been completed or flown due to financial problems
MiG-29OVT Early designation for the MiG-35
MiG-29AS Upgrade program for single-seat MiG-29 fighters used by Slovakia that includes installation of new IFF equipment and American radios while also adding an improved navigation system; 10 converted
MiG-29UBS Upgrade program for MiG-29UB trainers used by Slovakia; 2 converted
MiG-33 Believed to be a designation for an export version of the MiG-29M
MiG-35 Upgraded model based on the MiG-29M2 primarily for the export market


Iraq - Operation Desert Storm (Iraq, 1991)
Croatian War of Independence (Yugoslavia, 1991-1995)
Chechnya (Russia, 1994-present)
Bosnian War (Yugoslavia, 1992-1995)
Kosovo - Operation Allied Force (Serbia, 1999)


Algeria, Al Quwwat al Jawwawiya al Jaza'eriya (Algerian Air Force)
Angola, Força Aérea Popular de Angola (Angolan People's Air Force)
Armenia (Armenian Air Force)
Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan Air Force)
Bangladesh, Bangladesh Biman Bahini (Bangladeshi Defense Force Air Wing)
Belarus, Voyenno Vozdushnyye Sily (Belarus Air Force)
Bulgaria, Bulgarski Voenno Vozdushni Sili (Bulgarian Air Defense Force Military Aviation)
Croatia, Hrvatske Zracne Snage (Croatian Air Force)
Cuba, Defensa Antiaerea y Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria (Anti-Aircraft Defense and Revolutionary Air Force)
Czechoslovakia, Ceskoslovenske Letectvo (Czechoslovak Air Force)
Czech Republic, Cesk Letectvo a Protivzbusna Obrana (Czech Air Force and Air Defense)
East Germany, Luftstreitkräfte/Luftverteidigung (Air Force/Air Defense Force)
Germany, Deutsche Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
Hungary, Magyar Légierö (Hungarian Red Air Arm)
Hungary, Magyar Honvedseg Repülö Csapatai (Hungarian Air Defense Group)
India, Bharatiya Vayu Sena (Indian Air Force)
India (Indian Naval Air Squadron)
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force)
Iraq, Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya al Iraqiya (Iraqi Air Force)
Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan Air Force)
Malaysia, Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia (Royal Malaysian Air Force)
Moldova (Moldovan Air Force)
Myanmar, Tamdaw Lay (Myanmar Armed Forces)
North Korea (Korean People's Army Air Force)
Peru, Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Peruvian Air Force)
Poland, Sily Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Polish Air Force)
Poland, Polska Wojska Lotnicze i Obrony Powietrznej (Polish Air Defense and Aviation Force)
Romania, Fortele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force)
Russia, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Russian Air Force)
Russia, Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskoyo Flota Sily Rossii (Russian Naval Aviation)
Serbia, Vazduhoplovstvo i PVO Vojske Srbije (Serbian Air Force)
Slovakia, Velitelstvo Vzdusnych Sil (Slovak Air Force)
Sri Lanka (Sri Lankan National Air Force)
Sudan, Silakh al Jawwiya As'Sudaniya (Sudanese Air Force)
Syria, Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya (Syrian Air Force)
Turkmenistan, Voyenno-Vozdushneyye Sily (Turkmenistan Air Force)
Ukraine, Viys'kovo-Povitriani Syly Ukrayiny (Ukraine Military Air Forces)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Soviet Air Force)
Uzbekistan (Uzbek Air Force)
Yemen, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Yemeniya (Unified Yemen Air Force)
Yugoslavia, Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protiv Vazdusna Odbrana (Serbia and Montenegro Air and Air Defence Force)



  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 634-635, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29.
  • Donald, David and Lake, Jon, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 2000, p. 306-313, Mikoyan MiG-29 'Fulcrum-A' (9-12); Mikoyan MiG-29UB 'Fulcrum-B' (9-51); Mikoyan MiG-29 (9-13) and MiG-29S (9-13S) 'Fulcrum-C'; Mikoyan MiG-29M (9-15), Mikoyan MiG-29K (9-31), MiG-29KU and MiG-29KVP.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Warplanes. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1995, p. 195-196, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 'Fulcrum-A', 'Fulcrum-B' and 'Fulcrum-C'; Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29K and MiG-29M.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1995, p. 224-228, MiG-29, MiG-29UB, MiG-29S, MiG-29M, MiG-29K, MiG-29KVP, MiG-29KU.
  • Isby, David C. Jane's Fighter Combat in the Jet Age. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1997, p. 180.
  • Munro, Bob and Chant, Christopher. Jane's Combat Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995, p. 170-171.
  • Paul Nann's Military Aviation Photo Gallery
  • Rendall, David. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide, 2nd ed. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999, p. 74.
  • Spick, Mike. Brassey's Modern Fighters: The Ultimate Guide to In-Flight Tactics, Technology, Weapons, and Equipment. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2000, p. 74-77, MAPO MiG-29 Fulcrum.
  • Taylor, Michael. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1996/1997. London: Brassey's, 1996, p. 77-80, Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO name Fulcrum), Mikoyan MiG-33, MiG-29M and MiG-29K (NATO name Fulcrum-E).
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999, p. 56-60, MAPO "MiG" MiG-29 (NATO name Fulcrum), MAPO "MiG" MiG-33, MiG-29M and MiG-29K (NATO name Fulcrum-E).

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