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MiG-19 Mikoyan Gurevich
MiG-19
Shenyang J-6
ASCC codename: Farmer
Interceptor

DESCRIPTION:
Although generally considered inferior to both the MiG-17 it succeeded and the MiG-21 it preceeded, the MiG-19 became yet another successful jet fighter to emerge from the Mikoyan Gurevich design bureau. The first model to enter service, the MiG-19P, was the first Soviet combat aircraft capable of maintaining supersonic speed in level flight, but was soon withdrawn due to high accident rates and disappointing engine reliability. The improved MiG-19S addressed these problems with more powerful engines as well as a redesigned elevator and tail assembly to eliminate stability problems at transonic speeds. Later models introduced radar for all-weather capability and the ability to carry air-to-air missiles.

However, production of the MiG-19 within the Soviet Union was rather short-lived and ceased by the late 1950s in favor of the much more advanced MiG-21. Although little appreciated by the nation that developed it, the MiG-19 found new life in China where several thousand were license built as the Shenyang J-6 through the late 1980s. In addition to the original Soviet variants, China independently developed several of its own, including the JJ-6 trainer, JZ-6 reconnaissance model, and Q-5 Fantan attack model.

It is estimated that about 2,500 examples of the MiG-19 were built in the Soviet Union with another 3,000 or so J-6 aircraft manufactured in China. Although most MiG-19s have been phased out of service for many years, the J-6 continues to be used in large numbers by the Chinese Army and Navy. The J-6 also remains in service with a number of export customers.

Data below for MiG-19S and J-6C
Last modified 12 February 2011

HISTORY:
First Flight (MiG-19) 18 September 1953
(J-6) 17 December 1958
(J-6III) 6 August 1969
(JJ-6) 6 November 1970
Service Entry

(MiG-19) 1955
(J-6) December 1961

CREW: one: pilot

ESTIMATED COST:

unknown

AIRFOIL SECTIONS:
Wing Root TsAGI SR-12S (8.74%)
Wing Tip

TsAGI SR-7S (8%)

DIMENSIONS:
Length (MiG-19S) 41.34 ft (12.60 m) without pitot tube
(J-6C) 48.88 ft (14.90 m) with pitot tube
Wingspan 30.18 ft (9.20 m)
Height (MiG-19S) 12.79 ft (3.90 m)
(J-6C) 12.73 (3.88 m)
Wing Area 269.11 ft² (25.0 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

WEIGHTS:
Empty (MiG-19S) 11,395 lb (5,170 kg)
(J-6C) 12,700 lb (5,760 kg)
Normal Takeoff (J-6C) 16,635 lb (7,545 kg)
Max Takeoff (MiG-19S) 19,620 lb (8,900 kg)
(J-6C) 22,045 lb (10,000 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: unknown
external: unknown
Max Payload

1,100 lb (500 kg)

PROPULSION:
Powerplant (MiG-19S) two Tumanskii RD-9B afterburning turbojets
(J-6C) two Liming (Shenyang) WP-6 afterburning turbojets (based on Tumanskii R-9BF811)
Thrust 14,330 lb (63.75 kN)

PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed at altitude: 905 mph (1,455 km/h) at 32,810 ft (10,000 m), Mach 1.35 [MiG-19S]
955 mph (1,540 km/h), Mach 1.45 at 36,090 ft (11,000 m) [J-6C]
at sea level: unknown
cruise speed: 590 mph (950 km/h) [J-6C]
Initial Climb Rate (MiG-19S) 22,640 ft (6,900 m) / min
(J-6C) 30,00 ft (9,145 m) / min
Service Ceiling 58,725 ft (17,900 m)
Range typical: 745 nm (1,380 km)
ferry: unknown
g-Limits unknown

ARMAMENT:
Gun (MiG-19S) three 30-mm NR-30 cannons (55 rds for fuselage cannon, 75 rds for ea wing cannon)
(J-6C) three 30-mm Type 30-1 cannons
Stations four external hardpoints
Air-to-Air Missile AA-1 Alkali, PL-2, AIM-9 Sidewinder (F-6C only)
Air-to-Surface Missile none
Bomb 250 kg free-fall bombs
Other 55-mm rocket pods, 212-mm rockets

KNOWN VARIANTS:
MiG-19 'Farmer-A' First prototype derived from the MiG-17 and using the MiG-17 fuselage, engines, and wing, the engines were replaced since the first examples failed to reach supersonic speeds
MiG-19P 'Farmer-B' First production model with supersonic capability, but suffered control problems in transonic flight and was withdrawn due to high accident rate and poor engine performance
MiG-19S 'Farmer-C' Much improved single-seat interceptor with new engines and redesigned tail surfaces to correct stability problems; most numerous model built
MiG-19SF 'Farmer-C' Similar to the MiG-19S but with slightly improved engines
J-6 'Farmer-C' First Chinese model license built by Shenyang, equivalent to the MiG-19S/SF
MiG-19PF 'Farmer-D' First model equipped with radar
J-6A 'Farmer-D' Chinese variant equivalent to the MiG-19PF
MiG-19PM 'Farmer-D' First model armed with AA-1 Alkali air-to-air missiles
J-6B 'Farmer-D' Chinese variant equivalent to the MiG-19PM equipped with a semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile derived from the AA-1 Alkali
J-6C Original Chinese model similar to the J-6A and J-6B but optimized as a day fighter, included a braking parachute
F-6C J-6C aircraft for Pakistan armed with AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles and improved avionics
J-6Xin Improved J-6A multi-role fighter model incorporating a Chinese-developed radar
MiG-19R Reconnaissance variant stripped of armament to fit camera equipment
JZ-6 Chinese variant equivalent to the MiG-19R, subvariants include high- and low-level reconnaissance aircraft and variants equipped with optical and infra-red sensors for day or night operation
MiG-19UTI Two-seat combat-capable trainer, did not enter production
JJ-6 Chinese variant equivalent to the MiG-19UTI but of indigenous design with a lengthened fuselage, braking parachute, and strakes on the rear under-fuselage to improve stability
FT-6 Export version of the JJ-6
S-105 Designation given to the MiG-19 in Czechoslovakia
LiM-7 Designation given to the MiG-19 in Poland
J-6 III New-build Chinese variant built as a high-speed day attack fighter, cancelled due to handling problems
Q-5 Fantan Attack fighter based on the J-6 III
J-6 IV Improved J-6C with a new all-weather radar and armed with PL-2 missiles

KNOWN COMBAT RECORD:

shot down RB-47 over the Arctic Circle (Soviet Union, 1960)
Yemen Civil War (Egypt, 1962)
Shot down a T-39 over East Germany (East Germany, 1964)
Vietnam War (China, Soviet Union, North Vietnam, 1965-1972)
Egypt-Israel skirmish (Egypt, 1966)
China-Taiwan skirmish (China, 1967)
Six Day War (Egypt, 1967)
First Sudanese Civil War (Sudan, 1969-1972)
War of Attrition (Egypt, 1969-1970)
Bangladesh War (Pakistan, 1971)
Yom Kippur War (Egypt, 1973)
Iraq-Kurd conflict (Iraq, 1970s)
Tanzania-Uganda War (Tanzania, 1978-1979)
China-Vietnam conflict (China, Vietman, 1979)
Ethiopia-Somalia conflict (Somalia, 1980s)
Iran-Iraq War (Iran, Iraq, 1980-1988)
Second Sudanese Civil War (Sudan, 1983-?)

KNOWN OPERATORS:

Afghanistan (Royal Afghan Air Force)
Afghanistan (Afghan National Army Air Corps)
Albania, Forcat Ushtarake Ajore Shqipetare (Albanian Air Force) - J-6
Bangladesh, Bangladesh Biman Bahini (Bangladeshi Defense Force Air Wing)- J-6
Bulgaria, Bulgarski Voenno Vozdushni Sili (Bulgarian Air Defense Force Military Aviation)
Burma, Tatmdaw Lei (Burmese Air Force) - J-6
Cambodia, Force Aérienne Royale Cambodge (Royal Cambodian Air Force) - J-6
China, Zhongkuo Shenmin Taifang Tsunputai (People's Liberation Army Air Force) - J-6
China (People's Liberation Army Navy) - J-6
Cuba, Defensa Antiaerea y Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria (Anti-Aircraft Defense and Revolutionary Air Force)
Czechoslovakia, Ceskoslovenske Letectvo (Czechoslovak Air Force)
East Germany, Luftstreitkräfte/Luftverteidigung (Air Force/Air Defense Force)
Egypt, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force) - J-6
Hungary, Magyar Légierö (Hungarian Red Air Arm)
Indonesia, Tentara Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air Force)
Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force) - J-6
Iraq, Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya al Iraqiya (Iraqi Air Force) - J-6
North Korea (Korean People's Army Air Force) - J-6
Pakistan, Pakistan Fiza'ya (Pakistani Air Force) - F-6
Poland, Sily Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej (Polish Air Force)
Romania, Fortele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force)
Somalia, Cuerpo Aeronautica della Somalia (Somali Air Corps) - J-6
Sudan, Silakh al Jawwiya As'Sudaniya (Sudanese Air Force)
Syria, Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya (Syrian Air Force)
Tanzania, Jeshi la Anga la Wananchi wa Tanzania (Tanzanian People's Defense Force Air Wing) - J-6
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Voyenno Vozdushniye Sili (Soviet Air Force)
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskoyo Flota (Soviet Naval Aviation)
Vietnam, Khong Quan Nhan Dan Viet Nam (Vietnam People's Army Air Force) - J-6
Zambia (Zambian Air Force and Air Defense Command) - J-6

3-VIEW SCHEMATIC:

MiG-19


SOURCES:
  • Bishop, Chris, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Weapons: The Comprehensive Guide to Over 1,000 Weapon Systems from 1945 to the Present Day. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1999, p. 255, 280.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 631-632, 856-857, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19, State Aircraft Factory Shenyang J-6/F-6 and JJ-6/FT-6.
  • Donald, David and Lake, Jon, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 2000, p. 292, 381-382, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 'Farmer', Shenyang J-6/F-6, Shenyang JJ-6.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Warplanes. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1995, p. 185, 246, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 'Farmer', Shenyang J-6 and JJ-6.
  • Gunston, Bill, ed. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1995, p. 196-200, MiG-19, MiG-19S, MiG-19P, MiG-19PM, MiG-19SV, MiG-19R, MiG-19 variants.
  • Isby, David C. Jane's Fighter Combat in the Jet Age. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1997, p. 177.
  • Munro, Bob and Chant, Christopher. Jane's Combat Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995, p. 208-209.
  • Paul Nann's Military Aviation Photo Gallery





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