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Attack Bomber

In the early 1960s, btoh the United Kingdom and France were working on projects to develop a light attack plane and an advanced trainer. Realizing the savings that could be made, the two nations decided to combine their projects. The result of this international partnership was the Jaguar attack plane.

Work began by basing the design on the Breguet Br.121, a high-mounted wing design with twin engines. Breguet and the British Aircraft Corporation (later British Aerospace) became prime contractors for the new Jaguar and improved the Br.121 design by adding more powerful engines and powered controls. Though largely identical, both nations chose different avionics fits to suit their operational needs. The British aircraft incorporated more capable avionics including the most advanved nav/attack system available at the time.

The Jaguar saw great success over Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War and was successfully exported with over 550 total aircraft built. Both France and the UK have retired their Jaguar fleets to be replaced by the Rafale and Typhoon respectively. The Jaguar remains in use by India and Oman.

Data below for Jaguar GR.1
Last modified 17 March 2012

First Flight 8 September 1968
Service Entry 1972 (?)
Retirement (Nigeria) 1991
(France) 2005
(UK) 30 April 2007

CREW: one: pilot



Wing Root unknown
Wing Tip unknown

Length 55.21 ft (16.83 m)
Wingspan 28.50 ft (8.69 m)
Height 16.04 ft (4.89 m)
Wing Area 260 ft² (24.18 m²)
Canard Area

not applicable

Empty 15,432 lb (7,000 kg)
Normal Takeoff 24,149 lb (10,954 kg)
Max Takeoff 34,610 lb (15,700 kg)
Fuel Capacity internal: unknown
external: unknown
Max Payload

10,500 lb (4,763 kg)

Powerplant two Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk 104 afterburning turbofans
Thrust 16,080 lb (71.52 kN)

Max Level Speed at altitude: 1,055 mph (1,700 km/h) at 36,000 ft (10,975 m), Mach 1.6
at sea level: 825 mph (1,350 km/h), Mach 1.1
Initial Climb Rate unknown
Service Ceiling 46,000 ft (14,020 m)
Range typical: 920 nm (1,700 km)
ferry: 2,275 nm (4,210 km)
g-Limits unknown

Gun two 30-mm Aden Mk 4 or DEFA cannons (150 rds ea)
Stations five or seven external hardpoints
Air-to-Air Missile AIM-9 Sidewinder, Matra 550 Magic
Air-to-Surface Missile AJ168 TV Martel, AGM-84 Harpoon, AS.30, Kormoran, AM.39 Exocet, Alarm ARM
Bomb AN52 nuclear bomb, Mk-13/18 Paveway, Durandal, various free-fall, guided, and cluster bombs
Other rocket pods, ECM pods, munition dispensers

Jaguar A French single-seat attack bomber, later versions carry an undernose camera and laser pod for guided weapons; 160 built
Jaguar E Two-seat combat-capable trainer for France; 40 built
GR.1 or Jaguar S British one-seat attack bomber with a more advanced nav/attack system and laser range-finder/target seeker; 165 built
T.2 or Jaguar B Two-seat combat-capable trainer for the UK; 38 built
GR.1A Upgraded GR.1 with an improved nav/attack system
Jaguar International Export version with improved engines and aerodynamic refinements as well as provision for an upgraded radar and air-to-air missiles

KNOWN COMBAT RECORD: Polisario conflict (France, 1977-1978)
Chad - Operation Tacaud (France, 1978)
Chad - Operation Manta (France, 1983-1984)
Libya - Operation Epervier (France, 1986)
Sri Lanka (India, 1987-1990)
Iraq - Operation Desert Storm (UK, France, 1991)
Bosnia - Operation Deliberate Force (UK, France, 1995)
Cenepa War (Ecuador, 1995)
Kosovo - Operation Allied Force (France, 1999)
Kargil War (India, 1999)

KNOWN OPERATORS: Ecuador, Fuerza Aérea Equatoriana (Ecuador Air Force)
France, Armée de l'Air (French Air Force)
India, Bharatiya Vayu Sena (Indian Air Force)
Nigeria (Nigerian Air Force)
Oman, Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanat Oman (Royal Oman Air Force)
United Kingdom (Royal Air Force)



  • Bishop, Chris, ed. The Encyclopedia of Modern Military Weapons: The Comprehensive Guide to Over 1,000 Weapon Systems from 1945 to the Present Day. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1999, p. 265.
  • Donald, David, ed. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1997, p. 796-797.
  • Gunston, Bill and Spick, Mike. Modern Air Combat: The Aircraft, Tactics and Weapons Employed in Aerial Combat Today. NY: Crescent Books, 1983, p. 150-151.
  • Paul Nann's Military Aviation Photo Gallery
  • Munro, Bob and Chant, Christopher. Jane's Combat Aircraft. Glasgow: Harper Collins Publishers, 1995, p. 206-207.

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